4x5 exposure

Discussion in 'Exposure Discussion' started by gregory, Jul 14, 2003.

  1. gregory

    gregory Member

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    I am new to the 4x5 scene. My first question is, do I need to compensate for my actual meter reading? Does it depend on how far the bellows is extended? [/b]
     
  2. Donald Miller

    Donald Miller Member

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    Gregory, Bellows extension must be accounted when the bellows is extended further the the infinity focus for the focal length of the lens in use.
    For instance, let's take an example of using a 210 mm lens and making a close up exposure in which the bellows are extended to a length of 16 inches. The compensation method that I use is to convert the focal length of the lens in mm to inches. So in this case the 210 mm lens is 8 1/4 inches. The extension is 16 inches (measured from the center of the lens board to the center of the film holder). The bellows compensation would be 2 stops.

    If the extension would have been 11 inches the bellows compensation factor would have been one stop.

    Sound surprisingly like Fstops? Well, that is because it is. I have made up a table of the common Fstops, carry it with me and use it for this purpose. You can round the lens focal length in inches to the next nearest Fstop and it will be close enough for most purposes. For instance a 90 mm lens (3.54 inches) would be rounded to 4.

    Good luck with 4X5. Most importantly have fun.
     
  3. gregory

    gregory Member

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    Thanks much.
     
  4. fhovie

    fhovie Subscriber

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    I have a program I downloaded for my palm pilot that gives extensions, DOF, tilts - a lot of stuff- It is cool but overkill. In 4x5, unless you are doing macro photography, bellows extention is usually one or two stops. With a 210mm lens, I can't ever remember going over 2 stops for still life at a foot or two. You have to be pretty close to even get to one stop of compensation. There is a pretty cool looking tool here:
    http://www.salzgeber.at/disc/disc.pdf.
    Anyway- bellows extension exposure correction is one of the easier technical challenges I have been faced with. - Frank