# ISO speed determination constants - question for Stephen, Bill etc

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• 03-15-2013, 10:50 AM
Stephen Benskin
Quote:

Originally Posted by Bill Burk
Without taking away from anything else...

Is this an approximate Δ1.50? Or is a different "upper density" endpoint on logH used for the range used for the two methods? Adding 0.29 to 1.30 gives me 1.59.

Damn math! Sorry, I got a little carried away trying to make the connection. How about almost identical to the fractional gradient method.
• 03-15-2013, 11:46 AM
Bill Burk
Quote:

Originally Posted by Stephen Benskin
Damn math! Sorry, I got a little carried away trying to make the connection. How about almost identical to the fractional gradient method.

Or...
Does the 0.3 Gradient fall a bit outside to the left of the endpoints 1.50 apart that were chosen to calculate Average Gradient from?
• 03-15-2013, 01:25 PM
Stephen Benskin
Quote:

Originally Posted by Bill Burk
Or...
Does the 0.3 Gradient fall a bit outside to the left of the endpoints 1.50 apart that were chosen to calculate Average Gradient from?

Bill, you need to be a little more specific. As we stand, my answer is yes and no depending on the approach.
• 03-15-2013, 02:13 PM
Bill Burk
When development according to ISO conditions, then you measure the Average Gradient.

0.3G is 0.29 left of the .1 density because it is expected to be there... do you start there then look 1.50 to the right for the other end of Average Gradient.

Or when you do average gradient, do you pick two points 1.50 apart according to other instructions (again this will happen to be on a curve that meets ISO conditions). Then the 0.3 Gradient is not required to be one of the endpoints.
• 03-15-2013, 02:29 PM
Stephen Benskin
Quote:

Originally Posted by Bill Burk
When development according to ISO conditions, then you measure the Average Gradient.

0.3G is 0.29 left of the .1 density because it is expected to be there... do you start there then look 1.50 to the right for the other end of Average Gradient.

Or when you do average gradient, do you pick two points 1.50 apart according to other instructions (again this will happen to be on a curve that meets ISO conditions). Then the 0.3 Gradient is not required to be one of the endpoints.

With fractional gradient you need to guess a point in the toe, then calculate the average gradient, then check the toe gradient. Repeat as needed.

Under the ISO contrast parameters, the fractional gradient point is there 0.29 log-H to the left of 0.10 density. You only need to do the 1.30 / 0.80 measurement from the 0.10 fixed density point.
• 03-15-2013, 04:15 PM
Bill Burk
Quote:

Originally Posted by Stephen Benskin
With fractional gradient you need to guess a point in the toe, then calculate the average gradient, then check the toe gradient. Repeat as needed.

Under the ISO contrast parameters, the fractional gradient point is there 0.29 log-H to the left of 0.10 density. You only need to do the 1.30 / 0.80 measurement from the 0.10 fixed density point.

Working backwards then, find the point 0.29 log-H left of 0.1 of the film-developed-to-ISO-conditions curve. Find slope of the tangent to that point and multiply by 3, do 1.50 times that, to find the density delta. Make a triangle with that density and 1.50 log-H and find where that triangle meets the curve.

What will I find? Will some of the measurement points coincide or be in a predictable place?

Or is it "Not locked down" and the Average Gradient triangle could wiggle anywhere depending on the shape of the toe?
• 03-15-2013, 05:04 PM
Stephen Benskin
Quote:

Originally Posted by Bill Burk
Working backwards then, find the point 0.29 log-H left of 0.1 of the film-developed-to-ISO-conditions curve. Find slope of the tangent to that point and multiply by 3, do 1.50 times that, to find the density delta. Make a triangle with that density and 1.50 log-H and find where that triangle meets the curve.

What will I find? Will some of the measurement points coincide or be in a predictable place?

Or is it "Not locked down" and the Average Gradient triangle could wiggle anywhere depending on the shape of the toe?

I've never tried it. I have found that long toed cuves have a slightly higher CI index when matching the ISO parameters than straighter curves. This make me assume there won't be a perfect match with the 1.50 fractional gradient approach all case. Remember the graph of the spread function? But neither does the fractional gradient method always perfectly conform to the print judgment speeds.
• 03-15-2013, 05:06 PM
Michael R 1974
I'm a little reticent to post since I've muddled my words pretty bad recently, but I don't understand Bill's question. Are you essentially trying to figure out if Delta-X reconciles the triangles on the speed point side such that certain characteristics to the right "line up", when the ISO criteria are met?
• 03-15-2013, 08:40 PM
Bill Burk
Quote:

Originally Posted by Michael R 1974
I'm a little reticent to post since I've muddled my words pretty bad recently, but I don't understand Bill's question. Are you essentially trying to figure out if Delta-X reconciles the triangles on the speed point side such that certain characteristics to the right "line up", when the ISO criteria are met?

I just figure I'm holding a rattlesnake near its head and tail. The head can't wiggle that much. It's hard for me to predict where its teeth are, but I sure want to know.
• 03-15-2013, 08:52 PM
Stephen Benskin
Quote:

Originally Posted by Bill Burk
I just figure I'm holding a rattlesnake near its head and tail. The head can't wiggle that much. It's hard for me to predict where its teeth are, but I sure want to know.

Yeah Bill, that certainly cleared it up.
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