reconditioning 'leather' bellows
I have a Rochester Optical Corp Empire State One full plate camera that I use and the 'leather' belows is getting mighty brittle. What's a good product for making it/keeping it supple?
Thanks in advance
Holga: if it was any more analog, you'd need a chisel.
It's got to be "Neats Foot Oil".I'm using it on my project camera and it does a wonderful job reconditioning the leather.Picked up a bottle at my local shoe repair shop for $7.00.
Neats Foot will wreck the leather. The BIG problem with old bellows are the little paper stiffeners glued into the bellows.
If the leather gets too wet, assuming the stiffeners are still in place, the clue will let go and you will have a mess.
"Pledge" is about as daring as you might want to go. Go easy. Be patient.
Before you get rolling, be sure to keep this in a safe place:
Well,Neats Foot was recommended by the Graflex.org group and it seems to be doing a great job reconditioning the leather on my graflex 3-A.
I took the advice of a poster here awhile back (my apologies, I don't remember who) and started using Talas leather saver, along with saddle soap if the bellows are real leather. The combo has worked very well. Here's the link. They have a lot of products with good info to go along.
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I would think neat's foot would work fine. I've been using it on baseball gloves for years. I'd probably put it onto a cloth rather than directly onto the bellows though. I use pledge occasionally on the outside of my cameras. Shines them up nicely but also seems to take off some of the black. I don't know that I'd put it on the bellows, although I suppose if it doesn't harm the outside the bellows would be fine too. Most of my bellows are still nice and supple - usually all I do is dust them using a dry swiffer pad.
I've got a hundred year old half-plate camera with a leather bellows that's in pretty decent condition, but it also needs a little conditioning. I've read that Lexol works well and I've used it on other leather goods with success. They've also got a cleaner and their own version of neat's foot oil. I've read some iffy things about saddle soap and normal neat's foot oil, but Lemon Pledge seems to be pretty popular--everybody must love a lemony fresh bellows.
Lexol is very good stuff. Doesn't seem as likely to break down the leather as Neatsfoot may. One of the problems with neatsfoot is that it often contains mineral oil or other adulterant that destroys the material. Pure neatsfoot oil will tend to make the leather less supple over time. And in the creases and folds, the Neatsfoot will act just like it does on a catchers mitt, the more flexing the joint performs, the greater the effect.
Use the least dangerous stuff you can, use less than you really want to, and don't try to erase 80 years in 5 minutes. Don't forget the part about paper stiffeners. And PLEASE don't lose the address for the best bellows makers on Earth.
Last edited by df cardwell; 08-01-2008 at 06:53 PM. Click to view previous post history.
Thanks for the reminder about not trying 'to erase 80 years in 5 minutes'. That should be a big ol' no-brainer, but I didn't remember to put it in my post. When I got my one hundred year old Century plate camera, the bellows was filthy and so stiff I was afraid to extend it. I started with a thin coat of saddle soap with as little water as possible, let that dry a day and repeated the step. Then, over the next four days I applied four thin coats of Talas Leather Saver. All I can say is that the bellows are now gorgeous and supple without being too soft (or oily).
I'm sure there are many products and many techniques for restoring bellows. It almost certainly depends partly on what condition they are in and what exactly the construction materials are. Perhaps if we put together enough testimonials of actual bellows restorations with fairly explicit details, this thread can be a de facto data base for old bellows first aid. Camera rescue is a noble (and fun) endeavor.
Whatever success I've had in restoration projects over the past 40 years have been solely to to the good counsel and instruction
of generous folks like Merle and Jack Deardorff, Ken Hough, Steve Grimes, Sheldon Brown, Clive Russ,
and innumerable LF shooters who have tried to help me, often, in vain.
Failures, such as that poor Tele Photo Cycle Poco B whose lovely bellows I transformed into a useless, sopping mess, are all my own.
Denise hits the method right on the button. Patience, and wait.