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  1. #1

    Join Date
    Jan 2004
    Cleveland, OH

    Kodak IN-1 Mercury Intensifier

    Potassium bromide - 3/4 oz. avdp. - 22.5 g - 7/8 oz. avdp.
    Mercuric chloride - 3/4 oz. avdp. - 22.5 g - 7/8 oz. avdp.
    Water to make 32 U.S. fl. oz. - 1L - 40 Imp. fl. oz.

    [Native measurements listed first. Accuracy to within 250mg, 25ml, 1/8 oz.]

    Bleach the negative in this solution until it is a creamy white color and then wash it thoroughly. After this treatment, the negative should be blackened or "redeveloped" in a 10 percent solution of sodium sulfite, or in a developing solution such as D-72 diluted one to two, or in a 10 percent ammonia solution--one part concentrated ammonia to nine parts of water. These solutions give progressively greater density in the order given.

    Many photographic intensifiers depend on the use of mercury, but experience has proved that mercury-intensified images are not as stable as images produced by chromium intensification.

    When the silver image is placed in a solution of mercuric chloride, a reaction with the silver takes place and a mixture of mercurous chloride and silver chloride is formed. The bleached image, which appears white, can then be treated in various ways. If it is redeveloped, for instance, both the silver chloride and mercurous chloride will be reduced to the metals--silver and mercury. So, in addition to the silver with which you started, there is now added to every part of silver a proportionate part of mercury. Instead of using a developer, you may blacken the image with ammonia to form a black mercury ammonium chloride which gives a high degree of intensification.

    Skull and crossbones! Mercuric Chloride or mercury bichloride (also commonly known as corrosive sublimate) is a very poisonous salt and should, therefore, be handled with the utmost care.

    Use of some sort of fume hood or ventilation system is also recommended.
    Last edited by FilmIs4Ever; 07-06-2008 at 03:17 PM. Click to view previous post history.

  2. #11
    donbga's Avatar
    Join Date
    Nov 2003
    Large Format Pan
    Quote Originally Posted by FilmIs4Ever View Post
    Who the hell are you? You can buy Mercury Thermometers with almost an ounce of mercury for *one dollar* on eBay.

    There is nothing wrong with the use of mercury if you use the proper precautions. You people are so assinine it makes me sick.

    If you're afraid of a little bloody nose, maybe you had better run home and crawl under your bed. It's not safe out here. It's wonderous.
    I'm someone who knows better than to use mecury chloride. Suggesting it's use with the simple warning isn't responsible. Do some research about the compound and it's effects on the human body and you might understand my ire. I've had several Phd chemists/photographers tell me directly to not use this compound.

    Since you know so much about mercury, you should know that the pure metallic form is rather harmless. The mercury salt is deadly and easily absorbed or injested by the body.

    I'm not trying to come in on my high horse and poo-poo your post just for the hell of it. Very small amounts, less than 3 tenths of a gram, can cause tissue damage in the kidneys and liver.

    Mercury chloride is a deadly toxin and shouldn't be used in the darkroom. Period.
    Don Bryant

  3. #12
    David A. Goldfarb's Avatar
    Join Date
    Sep 2002
    Honolulu, Hawai'i
    Large Format
    Okay, lets tone this down folks. It is perfectly compatible to have mercury intensifier formulas available on APUG (with adequate warnings) and for individuals to post strong recommendations against their use. Just glancing quickly at my shelf, I can find three mercury intensifier formulas in the Morgan and Morgan _Darkroom Book_ (1980), and this particular formula is included in Steve Anchell's _Darkroom Cookbook_ (2000). Anchell includes the following warning (p. 246):

    Quote Originally Posted by Steve Anchell
    CAUTION: Mercuric chloride is possibly the single most toxic substance in this book. Use all necessary precautions, including a face mask, when handling the dry powder. This formula is included solely because of its effectiveness at intensification.

    Mercuric chloride must not be allowed to contact the skin. Use impervious rubber gloves, such as Bench Mark or Bluettes, while handling these chemicals or their solutions. The outer surface of the gloves and the hands should be washed thoroughly after each use.

    Containers of mercury intensifier solutions should be adequately labeled as poisonous. If they are used in the home, they should be stored in a locked cabinet out of the reach of children. Read carefully any directions on the manufacturer's label for these substances. Follow regulations of local health authorities regarding disposal of waste solutions.

    Photography (not as up to date as the flickr site)--http://www.davidagoldfarb.com/photo
    Academic (Slavic and Comparative Literature)--http://www.davidagoldfarb.com

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