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  1. #1

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    Ilford Universal vs Multigrade Developer?

    I've been using Ilford Multigrade paper developer for quite a while. Given
    the apparent scarcity of Ilford products, our local store still has
    Universal developer in stock but not Multi. Can anyone help me with the
    true difference between these products? As far as I can see, there is the
    option for a higher dilution with the Universal (14:1). What else do I need
    to know?? Should there be any appreciable difference in the print tonal
    qualities? If they are pretty similar, is it possible to make a more dilute
    solution of the Universal developer and have decent results (like for
    contact sheets)?

    Thanks, Sam

  2. #2

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    Quote Originally Posted by SamG
    I've been using Ilford Multigrade paper developer for quite a while. Given
    the apparent scarcity of Ilford products, our local store still has
    Universal developer in stock but not Multi. Can anyone help me with the
    true difference between these products? As far as I can see, there is the
    option for a higher dilution with the Universal (14:1). What else do I need
    to know?? Should there be any appreciable difference in the print tonal
    qualities? If they are pretty similar, is it possible to make a more dilute
    solution of the Universal developer and have decent results (like for
    contact sheets)?

    Thanks, Sam
    I have used the concentrated version of Ilford Universal Developer for many years on single graded and muti-graded papers. The formula is posted in the APUG Chemistry Recipes section.

    Dilute 1:4 for Chloride contact papers
    Dilute 1:9 for Bromide papers

    If you are contact printing on a bromide or chlorobromide paper, the 1:9 dilution works fine.
    Tom Hoskinson
    ______________________________

    Everything is analog - even digital :D

  3. #3

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    Sorry, in my posting, I was in error---the Multigrade dev. gives the option of 1:9 OR 1:14 while the Universal does not. I'm trying to figure why there is a difference since the developers look the same on the surface. Thanks, Sam

  4. #4

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    I would expect that the difference is in the concentration of the stock solution.

    I assume you are comparing commercially prepared/purchased Ilford Universal Developer with commercially prepared/purchased Ilford Multigrade Developer.

    From what you have stated, it looks like Ilford Concentrated Liquid Universal Developer (the formulation posted in APUG - not the commercial prepared/puchased version) is probably similar in concentration, makeup and performance to Ilford Multigrade Developer.

    A quick way to answer this question is to perform some simple testing at various dilution levels. Cut some small test pieces of your favorite paper, expose them and time the development in the dilution levels of interest until maximum black is achieved. This should answer your question.
    Tom Hoskinson
    ______________________________

    Everything is analog - even digital :D



 

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