I'm confused. (HC-110 stupid questions)
OK, so I just tried to develop some film and gave up because of the confusion. I have a Paterson 2 reel universal tank...how much am I suppose to fill it up? Is 500ml enough?
On Kodak's site it says "PREPARING WORKING SOLUTIONS FROM CONCENTRATE*", what's the difference between "solution" and "concentrate"?
I'll be using distilled water for a stop bath. Do I just pour it in and agitate for about 45 seconds, pour it out, and do it one more time?
I don't have a damn clue how to mix Kodafix solution.
EDIT:I'm using dilution B
Concentrate in the HC110 example is the thick, viscous, yellowish syrup that you get directly from the manuafacturer.
Now, there is working solution which is the diluted concentrate that is ready for the tank. Look on the bottom of your tank and see if it has capacities.
Your stop bath procedure sounds fine except that it would be preferable to have an acetic acid solution but if you only have water then maybe do your 45 second thing twice with 2 dumps of water. That will help your fix last a bit longer.
Kodafix has 2 dilutions. One for paper and one for films.
If my mind doesn't fail me I think the film dilution is 1:3
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It gets really easy after you have your process down and you will be quite pleased when you take control of your entire image.
Kodak's instructions assume that you'll make up a stock solution from the concentrate---I forget what the dilution is---and keep that around, diluting it further to make the working solution when you develop. I can't for the life of me work out why they think that; it seems like practically everyone makes the working solution straight from the concentrated syrup.
I'm not sure about the Paterson tank specifically, but 2-roll tanks are usually either 16 oz or 500 ml. You can always measure the capacity by filling it with water and pouring it into your measuring container.
The information at http://www.covingtoninnovations.com/hc110/ is more useful than Kodak's instructions, IMHO.
I've always used a water stop with HC-110 (and everything else) and never had a problem. In theory it might not stop development as fast as an acid stop, but I think for most of us the difference is way down in the noise compared to all sorts of other variables.
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Make the working solution first by following the directions on the bottle.
Dilution B is 1+7 (1 part HC110 working solution and 7 parts water).
A Paterson tank uses 10oz./300ml of fluid per 35mm film. That is 1.25oz/37.5ml of HC110 stock solution per 35mm reel/roll of film. 120 film needs 14oz per roll, if I recall correct.
I think there's "Stock solution" vs "Working solution". The working solution dilution "B" is 1 part Stock and 7 parts water. From concentrate is 1 part syrup and 31 parts of water. Correct me if I'm wrong.
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If you are using dilution B, for a 500ml solution (which is roughly equivalent to 16oz), I would measure 1/2 oz of the thick yellow concentrate directly from the bottle into a graduate and add 16 oz of water at 68 degrees. If you plan on using HC110, invest in a small graduate (Patterson makes a nice one) to assist in measuring. That's my basic set-up when I'm making a 1/2 litre working solution of developer.
diluting HC-110 is a 2 step process by the manufacturers recommendations (1st dilute to stock solution, then dilute to working solution when required) generally however there is a Dilution 'G' (or something like that... someone will be able to correct me) that is a direct one step dilution (1:63 I think??). Since HC-110 is so thick, measuring the amount required for a 500ml tank (or 250ml if you're only doing one roll) can be difficult (or you get it as close as you can and don't worry that you've actually got 1:50 or maybe 1:75). For my Paterson System 4, 2 reel tanks, I use about 550ml or working solution so that any bubbles are above the film!
Also, for your stop bath 'rinse', just use tap water unless you've got a reason not to.
I use HC110 quite a bit and I mix mine right from the syrup and do not typically make the stock solution ahead of time. For dilution B that is 1 part of the syrup to 31 parts water. HC110 is very viscous so must be mixed well, which can be a bit of a pain, but I have really had no problems using it this way. However, Kodak does have a technical sheet available that explains all of this in good detail, for dilution B as well as the other dilution ratios that can be used.
The issue with dilution "B" (1:31) is it gets the times down in the iffy areas of 5 minutes for some common films.
That's where dilution "H" (1:63) came from. You can just double your times.
It makes mixing a little easier as I just go 10 ml straight syrup to 630 ml H2O.
Works for me. I used to use a lot of it but went back to D76 1+1 for my everyday stuff.
Read the following site and all your questions will be answered. Lots of very good information on HC-110 including dilutions and developing times. www.covingtoninnovations.com/hc110
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