this is propably a noobs question...
My negatives have a much higher dynamic range than I can print. This is particularly true if the negative holds unevenly lit areas. Although both highlights and shadows have excellent tone separation in the negative, it fails to translate to the paper.
Does this make sense?
Can I compensate this at shooting? Like shooting at N-1 and developing at N.
Should I always pre-flash my paper, when local burning is not enough?