I use HC-110 both ways (stock solution and direct from concentrate) depending on what I'm doing. Sometimes, in my homemade submini developing tank, I need to mix 60 ml of solution at 1:119, which would be 0.5 ml of syrup -- it's impossible to measure the syrup at better than plus or minus 20% accuracy in this kind of quantity, at least with the equipment I have, so I mixed up 120 ml of stock solution (which used 30 ml of syrup -- easy to measure), and use 2 ml of the stock, which I can measure accurately. For all my other development, I mix direct from concentrate; when I opened the bottle I divided the syrup into four smaller bottles, with only the tiniest of air spaces, and have opened them as needed. The syrup in the last bottle is now well over a year beyond original opening, and works the same as it did when new. The last time I used the stock solution, it was four months past mixing, and (stored in a sealed bottle with perhaps 20% air space) was still fine and had normal activity.