I see Bob Nugent all the time, I'll ask him.
I suppose you would soak the steel wool in nitric acid to make ferric nitrate, then go through the regular process. I would consider this a cool trick if stuck in a remote locale with no other supplies, but otherwise I would just start with the ferric nitrate directly.
But I think the coolest part would be to use Iron directly off of some historic site as the source of your sensitizer to make prints representing the location. It's more conceptual than anything else.
Could we extract enough iron from human blood to make portraits? Any volunteers?
Maybe you could use the steel wool to polish the item_ bridge, tower, car, etc, first in a none visual portion first. Getting a little of the original iron involved.
I do believe it is nitric acid that he uses. It has been since 1992 or 93 that he told me about that either at a Platypus party or at the Platinum Plus gallery.
And since you want to talk science, where did you publish the finding about the change in chemistry with the addition of oxalic acid? Was this run through a mass spectrometer? Green, yellow,….
Originally Posted by Kevin Sullivan
Kevin, In my basic chemistry courses in college, they didn't discuss ferric oxalate and unfortunately the photography bug was biting at me more than the chemistry bug so I left it before any diuscussion of organic chemistry related to this topic. If the ferric is not changed, that is to a state of not being ferric oxalate anymore, than have those test reveal any loss of speed due to excess oxalic acid? Please send via email or FAX, the chart from Howard. Your use of the term neutralized to me implies that adding more oxalaic acid would slow the speed of that solution. Did you find that to be true?
Uhhhm, where to start, Eric. This is basic chemistry. No need to publish it in a fancy journal. And a x-ray mass spectrometer will usually only tell the amounts of pure elements (how much oxygen, iron, hydrogen etc.) not necessarily how those elements are arranged. (FO or oxalic acid, h20, etc.) Also, gas spectrometers don't work because the FO breaks down before it reaches a gaseous state.
I can fax you the chart Dr Howard Efner drew for me that explains it quite well, he seemed to think the whole thing was organic chem 101 level basics. I don't think the chem journals are that interested in this level of redundancy.
Ole even mentions it, in a round about way, here:
The concept is that the wild tangled arms of the FO can be neutralized with the addition of oxalic acid. The oxalic grabs on to these loose arms and straightens them out, and they can no longer bond to each other as easily. This actually changes the non-stoichiometric FO into a stoichiometric compound, because the FO atoms are bound with oxalic, they can no longer randomly clump together. Now they have a more or less fixed structure. This is why adding oxalic acid to pure FO cause a color shift from muddy yellow brown to the bright emerald green. Its the shift from non-stoichiometric to stoichiometric with the addition of free oxalic acid that causes it to turn translucent green. This is well documented and understood, I'm suprised you aren't familiar with this idea.
This is very easy to test visually if you have some pure FO, just keep adding oxalic acid and watch it turn green. I wouldn't say we are chemically changing the FO to something that is not FO, we are simply controlling its form with oxalic acid.
I think that explains it. There's a little more info in the book The New Platinum Print
which also includes Rudiak and DMKs prefered formula. (18g Oxalic Acid to 100ml FO#1, whew, way to much for my taste.)
Not really looking for fancy journals either but if you said it was included in TNPP, that would work : )
I will also readily admit to not having a copy of TNPP but only reviewing it while helping the formulary establish their workshops back in 1999, but I do recall those number from Rudiak and Kennedy only being tested against current (at the time) B&S powder and not against other FO powder on the market.
"Maybe one day some brave PhD student will sort it out, but it's not the path to a shining career", is a quote from one of my emails with Mike Ware on the subject of ferric oxalate.
I shall be happy with mine, but also happy to see your chart from Howard.
So eric, will you be a subscriber soon?
Sorry, made sense in English but chemically wrong. The oxalic acid sticks to the arm and prevents it from bonding with other molecules. So in that sense it is neutered, neutralized, restrained, whatever you want to call it. But not neutralized in the acid/alkali PH kind of way. Usually the speed will go up because there are more free floating individuals that don't need to be untangled before they can match up with a metal salt. But this has its limitations, eventually some metal salts will start to fall out of solution spontaneously, especially silver nitrate (hence the classic silver nitrate test for free oxalic acid). And I suppose the solution will be even more acidic, rather than neutral, but I'm not 100% sure.
Your use of the term neutralized to me implies that adding more oxalaic acid would slow the speed of that solution. Did you find that to be true?
Yes indeed. There were no other powdered ferric oxalates available at that time.
Rudiak and Kennedy only being tested against current (at the time) B&S powder and not against other FO powder on the market.
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I won't speak for Ted Rice (have known him since 1978) or Bob Nugent (known him since 1980) BUT have watched Bob make ferric oxalate with steel wool- he got the formula from one of Dick Sullivan's priceless issues of LUMEN. Works like a top if you can draw a good vacuum. Makes great ferric oxalate, at least for kallitypes (my application) but no better than B&S version which I've bought since 1984.
Rudiak had a perhaps unique variation on making ferric oxalate which he developed about 1998. It had some interesting ramifications on speed, color and tone. I watched John make it once; he died about ten days later. Did I take notes? Heck no- he'd always be there to ask...
Really nice to see one of the original "maestros" on the list. Your article on kallitype in Barnier was the most useful practical working instructions on kallitype I found when I began working the process some years ago.
You should start a thread on soft-focus lenses! There is probably not anyoe in the world who knows more about this subject than you, and this has been an interesting topic here on APUG.
Originally Posted by Russ Young