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  1. #11
    Flotsam's Avatar
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    I found this on the web:

    [COLOR=Indigo]Gum arabic is a complex and variable mixture of arabinogalactan oligosaccharides, polysaccharides and glycoproteins. Depending on the source, the glycan components contain a greater proportion of L-arabinose relative to D-galactose (Acacia seyal) or D-galactose relative to L-arabinose (Acacia senegal). The gum from Acacia seyal also contains significantly more 4-O-methyl-D-glucuronic acid but less L-rhamnose and unsubstituted D-glucuronic acid than that from Acacia senegal [370]. Gum arabic consists of a mixture of lower molecular weight polysaccharide (M.Wt. ~0.25x106; major component) and higher molecular weight hydroxyproline-rich glycoprotein (M.Wt. ~2.5x106 minor component) [368]. Because it is a mixture and the material varies significantly with source, the exact molecular structures are still rather uncertain. Its glycoprotein is a high molecular weight hydroxyproline rich arabinogalactan (~2% protein) containing a repetitive and almost symmetrical 19-residue consensus motif -ser-hypa-hypa-hypa-thr-leu-ser-hypb-ser-hypb-thr-hyp-thr-hypa-hypa-hypa-gly-pro-his- [368] with contiguous hydroxyprolines (a) attached to oligo-a-1,3-L-arabinofurans and non-contiguous hydroxyprolines (b) attached to galactose residues of oligo-arabinogalactans. combining a b-1,3-galactopyran core with rhamnoglucuronoarabinogalactose pentasaccharide side chains [368]. Gum arabic is a useful if rather expensive hydrocolloid emulsifier, texturizer and film-former, widely used in the drinks industry to stabilize flavors and essential oils, for example in soft drink concentrates. The simultaneous presence of hydrophilic carbohydrate and hydrophobic protein enables its emulsification and stabilization properties. Emulsification is particularly enhanced due to molecular flexibility which allows greater surface interaction with the oil droplets. Gum arabic is used in confectionery such as traditional hard (wine) gums, pastilles and as a foam stabilizer in marshmallows. The gum arabic glycoprotein possesses a flexible but compact conformation. It is readily soluble to give relatively low viscosity newtonian solutions even at high concentrations (20-30 % wt/wt). However, and rather confusingly, molecular aggregation can cause both shear thinning and time-dependent thickening behavior at low shear [369].
    Gum tragacanth (Astragalus gummifer, E413) is a related exudate gum consisting of a mixture of polysaccharides including an arabinogalactan containing a-L-arabinofuranose and 1-4-linked b-D-galalactopyranose [367] and an acidic complex poly-1-4-linked a-D-galalacturonate. It is used as an acid-resistant thickener and emulsifier in sauces, salad dressings and confectionery lozenges. Yet another exudate gum, gum karaya (Sterculia urens) has similar physical properties but consists of an a-D-galacturonic acid/a-L-rhamnose backbone with b-D-galactose and b-D glucuronic acid side chains. Another related gum is the principal component of mesquite gum (Prosopis); an arabinogalactan with a b-1,3-galactopyran core and L-arabinose side chains.[/COLOR]

    Ummm... Uhhh.... Well I recognize the word "Marshmallows" anyway.
    That is called grain. It is supposed to be there.
    =Neal W.=

  2. #12
    VoidoidRamone's Avatar
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    I've used Sumi Ink... but mine came in something like a 2 or 4oz bottle. I needed it for drawing class this summer, but then I herad that you can use it for spotting also. I've tried that, but I prefer Spotone. -Grant

  3. #13
    Ed Sukach's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Flotsam
    I found this on the web:

    [COLOR=Indigo]Gum arabic is a complex and variable mixture of arabinogalactan oligosaccharides,....
    Well, of course. Doesn't everyone know that???
    :rolleyes:
    Carpe erratum!!

    Ed Sukach, FFP.

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