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# Thread: What to take into account as a pinhole newbie?

1. Ignoring reciprocity (which you can pretty much do with Fuji Acros or using paper negatives in large format box cameras), a good formula for converting a light meter reading into an accurate exposure for pinhole cameras is as follows:

1) First, make sure you know the ISO of the film or paper you're using.
2) Set the ISO value into your light meter.
3) Meter your scene and reference the exposure time for the largest f-stop that your meter will read.
4) Use the following formula to convert the exposure time for your camera's f-stop value:

(f/R)^2 x Tm = Tc

R=the reference f-stop used on your light meter
Tm= The uncorrected exposure time recommended by your light meter
Tc= The corrected exposure time you'll actually use

Example: The largest f-stop reading on my light meter is f/128. My camera's f-stop is f/280.
Therefore: (280/128)^2 x Tm = Tc
or: 4.785 x Tm = Tc
So, whenever I use my f/280 pinhole camera, I reference the light meter's recommended exposure time for f/128 and multiply that value by 4.785 to arrive at the actual working exposure time. Once I do the complete formula once, I only have to know the multiplier factor and a simple multiplication (using my cell phone, or el-cheapo calculator that I carry with my camera) will give me the correct time. I can also make a chart to reference, rather than carrying a calculator.

The only time I have to redo the entire formula to find a new factor is when I change the camera's pinhole size or focal length, or when I change light meters and the maximum f-stop reading is something different.

Keep in mind when using this formula that the values for your Tm has to be in seconds, and the formula outputs the results in seconds. So, 1/8 second would actually be plugged in as 0.125, etc.

I've found this method to be universally the best method, and works equally well for film as well as paper negatives.

Again, the formula doesn't take into account reciprocity.

~Joe

2. Originally Posted by Joe VanCleave
1) First, make sure you know the ISO of the film or paper you're using.
2) Set the ISO value into your light meter.
3) Meter your scene and reference the exposure time for the largest f-stop that your meter will read.
4) Use the following formula to convert the exposure time for your camera's f-stop value:

(f/R)^2 x Tm = Tc

R=the reference f-stop used on your light meter
Tm= The uncorrected exposure time recommended by your light meter
Tc= The corrected exposure time you'll actually use
Thank you Joe! I'll give this a try when I get the camera. It was shipped on Wednesday from Poland so I'm expecting it to arrive to Finland around Tue/Wed next week.

I love the math in photography. :---D

3. Thank you everyone for you advice. I got the Noon Pinhole camera last week and shot and deved a roll during the weekend. Here's one of the 6x12 shots I took on Kodak T-Max 100. I calculated exposure time based Joe VanCleave's formula (f/R)^2 x Tm = Tc. Because the exposure times were only around 4-5 seconds, I didn't add any time for reciprocity failure.

The shot (click to view larger version):

The camera:

4. That's a great looking image. I'm always amazed at the quality of good pinhole exposures onto medium format film.

The forested trees in the foreground appear a bit dark, which is okay actually, but perhaps you might want a bit more detail present; this may have more to do with your metering method than reciprocity failure. You may want to try pointing your light meter at the trees and keep from getting too much sky exposure on the meter. I've come to do this when exposing paper negatives, since the sky gets blown out (i.e. over-exposed) using paper, I'm not interested in capturing detail in the sky, but rather the landscape itself, so I try and meter the foreground itself.

I look forward to seeing more results; great job.

~Joe

5. I actually like the bright but not blown out sky and forest silhuette. But you're right, I should pay more attention to my metering next time!

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