Was going to recommend a TLR, specifically a Yashica D as a good starting point - seems I'm late to the party. They are cheap, don't have a lot to break, and work well. Personally I like the square image - if you don't then TLRs might not be right (I think all/most produce a square neg).

The Yashica 124 has a meter, and can be found under $200, but it might be more economical to buy a Yashica D (as an example) and a hand held meter which you can use with other cameras.

One other consideration (besides negative shape/size) is the film advance. The Yashica D and A use a knob to advance the film. Not terrible, but i think the standard on other cameras is a crank handle that is a bit more ergonomic.