"Image quality" comprises a lot of things other than resolution and such. I would imagine that modern lenses will give you better contrast and will be sharper wide open than some of the lenses I like, even on an 8x10" contact print, but some of the older lenses are capable of smoother tonal gradation and rendering of out of focus areas than some of the more modern lenses, which may be overcorrected for my taste.

In response to Aggie's question--you should get good results with most lenses made by the major manufacturers since the era of multicoating (1970s), and even with many single coated lenses of modern design. If you're using relatively contemporary lenses for 4x5", you could set aside concerns about resolution and make your choices more on the basis of other factors that are usually at odds with each other: coverage, maximum aperture, weight and bulk, and cost.