Yes, the Quadrantids are January 3-4.

Are you photographing from a dark location or a bright one? From the countryside or from the city?

Have you done night photography of the sky from there before? Do you know how long you can go before you hit "sky fog"? If you can, do some test shots tonight if you can get them developed tomorrow. Try 1 minute, 2 minute, 5 minute, 10 minute, 30 minute exposures to see where the fog will become a problem.

30 minutes is probably too long. I would try perhaps 10 minutes from the country or 5 minutes from the city. Take multiple exposures and perhaps close them early if you see a good meteor trail that you think went through your camera.

I used to prefer slides as I went to astronomy clubs and we projected the slides but practically either film should do well, just depends if you want slides or negatives.

Don't use a filter.