Not a book but good info. http://www.paulcbuff.com/sfe.php
When I was learning how I looked around at various sources of pictures, when I found one I liked I would figure out from the shadows, glow, and catchlights where the lights were placed to get that photo and then try to emulate it.
In this process a good flash meter is really important with studio strobes so that you can measure the difference between the various lights in play.
After a bit of practice I started to see the tell tale signs automatically. Catch lights are a dead giveaway as are shadows on a face going one way and in the background going another.
For a book try The Hot Shoe Diaries. http://www.amazon.com/Hot-Shoe-Diari.../dp/0321580141 it's Nikon centric but the principles are good and applicable with most.