Not a book but good info.

When I was learning how I looked around at various sources of pictures, when I found one I liked I would figure out from the shadows, glow, and catchlights where the lights were placed to get that photo and then try to emulate it.

In this process a good flash meter is really important with studio strobes so that you can measure the difference between the various lights in play.

After a bit of practice I started to see the tell tale signs automatically. Catch lights are a dead giveaway as are shadows on a face going one way and in the background going another.

For a book try The Hot Shoe Diaries. it's Nikon centric but the principles are good and applicable with most.