The Kodak effort I mentioned above is part of Nige's original post. the direct web site is called Children as Photographers and consists of the images and writing of the children as well as articles such as those mentioned by Nige.
The research was done with single use cameras distributed to children in 5 European countries.
As I stated in my previous post, I think it would be wonderful to see the results from children all over the world and from various cultures. If anyone knows of any other such efforts taking place, please post the address. If anyone has any ideas about how to make it happen post or Email me off forum.