January
January 1
European Economic Community (EEC) founded.
First Carrefour store opens, in Annecy.
January 4 – Sputnik 1 (launched on October 4, 1957) falls to Earth from its orbit and burns up.
January 8 – 14-year-old Bobby Fischer wins the United States Chess Championship.
January 18 – Armed Lumbee Indians confront a handful of Klansmen in Maxton, North Carolina.
January 20 – Anne de Vries releases the fourth and final volume of Journey Through the Night.
January 28 – Hall of Fame baseball player Roy Campanella is involved in an automobile accident that ends his career and leaves him paralyzed.
January 31 – The first successful American satellite, Explorer 1, is launched into orbit.
[edit]February
February 1 – Egypt and Syria unite to form the United Arab Republic.
February 2 – The word Aerospace is coined, from the words Aircraft (aero) and Spacecraft (space), taking into consideration that the Earth's atmosphere and outerspace is to be one, or a single realm.
February 5
Gamel Abdel Nasser is nominated as the first president of the United Arab Republic.
The Tybee Bomb, a 7,600 pound (3,500 kg) Mark 15 hydrogen bomb, is lost in the waters off Savannah, Georgia.
February 6 – Seven Manchester United footballers are among the 21 people killed in the Munich air disaster in West Germany on the return flight from a European Cup game in Yugoslavia. 23 people survive, but four of them, including manager Matt Busby and players Johnny Berry and Duncan Edwards, are in a serious condition.[1]
February 11
The strongest ever known solar maximum is recorded.[2]
Marshal Chen Yi succeeds Zhou Enlai as Chinese Minister of Foreign affairs.
Ruth Carol Taylor is the first African American woman hired as a flight attendant. Hired by Mohawk Airlines, her career lasts only six months, due to another discriminatory barrier – the airline's ban on married flight attendants.
February 14 – The Hashemite Kingdoms of Iraq and Jordan unite in the Arab Federation of Iraq and Jordan with Iraqi King Faisal II as head of state.
February 17 – Pope Pius XII declares Saint Clare the patron saint of television.
February 20 – A test rocket explodes at Cape Canaveral.
February 21 – A peace symbol is designed and completed by Gerald Holtom, commissioned by the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament, in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.
February 23
Cuban rebels kidnap five-time world driving champion Juan Manuel Fangio, releasing him 28 hours later.
Arturo Frondizi is elected president of Argentina.
February 24 – In Cuba, Fidel Castro's Radio Rebelde begins broadcasting from Sierra Maestra.
February 25 – Bertrand Russell launches the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament.
February 28 – One of the worst school bus accidents in U.S. history occurs at Prestonburg, Kentucky; 29 are killed.
[edit]March
March 1 – The Turkish passenger ship Uskudar capsizes and sinks at Izmit Bay, Kocaeli, Turkey; at least 300 die.
March 2 – A British team led by Sir Vivian Fuchs completes the first crossing of the Antarctic in snowcat caterpillar tractors and dogsled teams in 99 days.
March 8 – The USS Wisconsin is decommissioned, leaving the United States Navy without an active battleship for the first time since 1896 (it is recommissioned October 22, 1988).
March 11 – A U.S. B-47 bomber accidentally drops an atom bomb on Mars Bluff, South Carolina. Its conventional explosives destroy a house and injure several people, but no nuclear fission occurs.
March 17 – Convention on the Inter-Governmental Maritime Consultative Organization (IMCO) enters into force, founding the IMCO as a specialized agency of the United Nations.
March 17 – The United States launches the Vanguard 1 satellite.
March 19 – Monarch Underwear Company fire in New York.
March 24 – The U.S. Army inducts Elvis Presley, transforming The King Of Rock & Roll into U.S. private #53310761.
March 25 – Canada's Avro Arrow makes its debut flight.
March 26
The United States Army launches Explorer 3.
The 30th Academy Awards ceremony takes place; The Bridge on the River Kwai wins seven awards, including Academy Award for Best Picture.
March 27 – Nikita Khrushchev becomes Premier of the Soviet Union.
[edit]April
April – Unemployment in Detroit reaches 20%, marking the height of the Recession of 1958 in the United States.
April 1 – The BBC Radiophonic Workshop is established.
April 3 – Castro's revolutionary army begins its attacks on Havana.
April 4 – April 7 – In the first protest march for the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament from Hyde Park, London to Aldermaston, Berkshire, demonstrators demand the banning of nuclear weapons.
April 4 – Cheryl Crane, daughter of actress Lana Turner, fatally stabs her mother's gangster lover Johnny Stompanato (the stabbing is eventually ruled as self-defense).
April 6 – Soraya Esfandiary Bakhtiari divorces the Shah of Iran, Mohammad Reza Pahlavi after she is unable to produce any children.
April 14
The satellite Sputnik 2 disintegrates in space after several orbits.
Van Cliburn wins the Tchaikovsky International Competition for pianists in Moscow, breaking Cold War tensions.
April 15 – The San Francisco Giants beat the Los Angeles Dodgers 8–0 at San Francisco's Seals Stadium, in the first Major League Baseball regular season game ever played in California.
April 17 – King Baudouin of Belgium officially opens the World Fair in Brussels, also known as Expo '58. The Atomium forms the centrepiece.
April 21 - United Airlines Flight 736 is involved in a mid-air collision with a U.S. Air Force F-100F-5-NA Super Sabre jet fighter near Las Vegas, Nevada. All 49 persons in both aircraft are killed.
[edit]May
May 1
Arturo Frondizi becomes President of Argentina.
The Nordic Passport Union comes into force.
May 9 – Actor-singer Paul Robeson, whose passport has been reinstated, sings in a sold-out one-man recital at Carnegie Hall. The recital is such a success that Robeson gives another one at Carnegie Hall a few days later; but, after this, Robeson is seldom seen in public in the United States again. His Carnegie Hall concerts are later released on records and on CD.
May 10 – Interviewed in the Chave d'Ouro cafι, when asked about his rival Antσnio de Oliveira Salazar, Humberto Delgado utters one of the most famous comments in Portuguese political history: "Obviamente, demito-o! (Obviously, I'll sack him!)".
May 12 – A formal North American Aerospace Defense Command agreement is signed between the United States and Canada.
May 13
French Algerian protesters seize government offices in Algiers, leading to a military coup.
During a visit to Caracas, Venezuela, Vice President Richard M. Nixon's car is attacked by anti-American demonstrators.
May 15 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 3.
May 18 – An F-104 Starfighter sets a world speed record of 1,404.19 mph (2,259.82 km/h).
May 20 – Fulgencio Batista's government launches a counteroffensive against Castro's rebels.
May 21 – United Kingdom Postmaster General Ernest Marples announces that from December, Subscriber Trunk Dialling will be introduced in the Bristol area.[3]
May 23 – Explorer 1 ceases transmission.
May 30 – The bodies of unidentified United States soldiers killed in action during World War II and the Korean War are buried at the Tomb of the Unknowns in Arlington National Cemetery.
[edit]June
June 1
Charles de Gaulle is brought out of retirement to lead France by decree for 6 months.
Iceland extends its fishing limits to 12 miles (22.2 km).
June 2 – In San Simeon, California, Hearst Castle opens to the public for guided tours.[4]
June 4 – French President Charles De Gaulle visits Algeria.
June 8 – The SS Edmund Fitzgerald is launched; she will be the largest Lake freighter for more than a dozen years.
June 16 – Imre Nagy is hanged for treason in Hungary.
June 20 – The iron barque Omega of Callao, Peru (built in Scotland, 1887), sinks on passage carrying guano from the Pachacamac Islands for Huacho, the world’s last full rigged ship trading under sail alone.[5]
June 27 – The Peronist Party becomes legal again in Argentina.
June 29 – Brazil beats Sweden 5–2 to win the football World Cup.