July
July 5 – Gasherbrum I, the 11th highest mountain in the world, is first ascended.
July 7
President Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Alaska Statehood Act into United States law.
The first International House of Pancakes (IHOP) opens in Toluca Lake, Los Angeles.
July 9 – A 7.5 Richter scale earthquake in Lituya Bay, Alaska, causes a landslide that produces a huge 520-meter high wave.
July 10 – The first parking meters are installed in Britain.
July 11 – Count Michael Rhιdey von Kis-Rhιde, direct descendant of Samuel Aba, King of Hungary, at the age of 60 is pistol-whipped and murdered over a few hectares of land by Czechoslovak Communists during the collectivization process at his residence in Olcsvar, Slovakia.
July 15 – In Lebanon, 5,000 United States Marines land in the capital Beirut in order to protect the pro-Western government there.
July 17 – British paratroopers arrive in Jordan; King Hussein has asked help against pressure from Iraq.
July 19 - The Beatles, then The Quarrymen, pay 17 shillings and 6 pence to have their first recording session where they record That'll Be The Day by Buddy Holly and In Spite Of All The Danger by Paul McCartney and George Harrison.
July 20 – Various rebel groups in Cuba join forces but the communists do not join them.
July 24 – The first life peerage under the Life Peerages Act 1958 is created in the United Kingdom.
July 26
Explorer program: Explorer 4 is launched.
Elizabeth II gives her son and heir apparent The Prince Charles the customary title of Prince of Wales.
July 29 – The U.S. Congress formally creates the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
July 31 – Tibetan resistance movement against rule by China receives support from the United States Central Intelligence Agency.
[edit]August
August 1 – The last Tom and Jerry episode (Tot Watchers) made by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera is released. Tom and Jerry will not be released to theatres again until 1961.
August 3 – The nuclear powered submarine USS Nautilus becomes the first vessel to cross the North Pole under water.
August 6 – Australian athlete Herb Elliott clips almost three seconds off the world record for the mile run at Santry Stadium, Dublin, recording a time of 3 minutes 54.5 seconds.
August 14 – A 4-engine Lockheed L-1049 Super Constellation aircraft belonging to KLM crashes into the sea with 99 people on board.
August 17 – The first Thor-Able rocket is launched, carrying Pioneer 0, from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station Launch Complex 17. The launch fails due to a first stage malfunction.
August 18
Vladimir Nabokov's controversial novel Lolita is published in the United States.
Brojen Das from East Pakistan swims across the English Channel in a competition, as the first Bangali as well as the first Asian to ever do it. He is first among 39 competitors.
August 23
Chinese Civil War: The Second Taiwan Strait crisis begins with the People's Liberation Army's bombardment of Quemoy.
President of the United States Dwight D. Eisenhower signs the Federal Aviation Act, transferring all authority over aviation in the USA to the newly created Federal Aviation Agency (FAA, later renamed Federal Aviation Administration).
August 27 – Operation Argus: The United States begins nuclear tests over the South Atlantic.
August 29 – Michael Jackson, King Of Pop entertainment legend is born in Gary, Indiana.
August 30 – September 1 – Notting Hill race riots: Riots between blacks and whites in Notting Hill, London.[6]
[edit]September
September 1 – The first Cod War begins between the United Kingdom and Iceland.
September 6 – Paul Robeson performs in concert at the Soviet Young Pioneer camp Artek.
September 12 – Jack Kilby invents the first integrated circuit.
September 14 – Two rockets designed by German engineer Ernst Mohr (the first German post-war rockets) reach the upper atmosphere.
September 27 – Typhoon Ida kills at least 1,269 in Honsh?, Japan.
September 28 – In France, a majority of 79% says yes to the constitution of the Fifth Republic.
September 30 – The U.S.S.R. performs a nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya.
[edit]October
October 1
Tunisia and Morocco join the Arab League.
NASA starts operations and replaces the NACA.
October 2 – Guinea declares itself independent from France.
October 4 – BOAC uses the new De Havilland Comet jets, to become the first airline to fly jet passenger services across the Atlantic.
October 9 – Pope Pius XII dies.
October 11 – Pioneer 1, the second and most successful of the 3 project Able space probes, becomes the first spacecraft launched by the newly formed NASA.
October 16 – First broadcast of the long-running BBC Television children's programme Blue Peter.[7]
October 21 – The Life Peerages Act entitles women to sit in the British House of Lords for the first time. The Baronesses Swanborough (Stella Isaacs, Marchioness of Reading) and Wooton (Barbara Wooton) are the first to take their seats.
October 26 – First transatlantic flight of a Pan American World Airways Boeing 707.
October 28 – Pope John XXIII succeeds Pope Pius XII as the 261st pope.
[edit]November
November 3 – The new UNESCO building is inaugurated in Paris.
November 10 – The Bossa nova is born in Rio de Janeiro, with Joγo Gilberto's recording of Chega de Saudade.
November 18 - The SS Carl D. Bradley sinks in a storm on Lake Michigan, killing 33 of the 35 crewmen on board.
November 22 – The Menzies Liberal government in Australia is re-elected for a fifth term.
November 23 – Have Gun, Will Travel debuts on American radio.
November 25 – French Sudan gains autonomy as a self-governing member of the French colonial empire.
November 28 – Chad, the Republic of the Congo, and Gabon become autonomous republics within the French colonial empire.
November 29 - Ted Kennedy marries Joan Bennett at St. Joseph's Church in Bronxville, New York.
November 30 – Gaullists win the French parliamentary election.
[edit]December
December 1
Adolfo Lσpez Mateos takes office as President of Mexico.
Our Lady of the Angels School Fire: At least ninety students and three nuns are killed in a fire in Chicago.
December 5
Subscriber trunk dialling (STD) is inaugurated in the UK by the Queen, when she dials a call from Bristol to Edinburgh and speaks to the Lord Provost.[8]
The Preston bypass, the United Kingdom's first motorway, opens to traffic for the first time. This stretch is now part of the M6 and M55 motorways.
December 6 – The 3rd launch of a Thor-Able rocket, carrying Pioneer 2, is unsuccessful due to a 3rd stage ignition failure.
December 9 – The right-wing John Birch Society is founded in the USA by Robert Welch, a retired candy manufacturer.
December 14 – The 3rd Soviet Antarctic Expedition becomes the first ever to reach the Southern Pole of Inaccessibility.
December 15 – Arthur L. Schawlow and Charles H. Townes of Bell Laboratories publish a paper in Physical Review Letters setting out the principles of the optical laser.
December 16 - A fire breaks out in the Vida Department Store in Bogota, Colombia and kills 84 persons.
December 19 – President Dwight D. Eisenhower broadcasts a message from a Project SCORE satellite.
December 21 – General Charles de Gaulle is elected president of France with 78.5% of the votes.
December 24 – A BOAC Bristol Britannia (312 G-AOVD) crashes near Winkton, England during a test flight.
December 25 – Tchaikovsky's ballet The Nutcracker (the George Balanchine version) is shown on prime-time television in color for the first time, as an episode of the CBS anthology series Playhouse 90.
December 28 – The Baltimore Colts beat the New York Giants 23–17 to win the NFL Championship Game, the first to go into sudden death overtime and "The Greatest Game Ever Played".[9].
December 29 – Rebel troops under Che Guevara begin to invade Santa Clara, Cuba. Fulgencio Batista resigns two days later, on the night of the 31st.
December 31 – Tallies reveal that, for the first time, the total of passengers carried by air this year exceeds the total carried by sea in transatlantic service.
[edit]Date unknown
Nikita Khrushchev orders Western allies to evacuate West Berlin within 6 months but backs down in the face of the allies' unity.
USA, USSR and Great Britain agree to stop testing atomic bombs for 3 years.
During the International Geophysical Year, Earth's magnetosphere is discovered.
The last legal female genital cutting occurs in the United States.
Denatonium, the bitterest substance known, is discovered. It is used as an aversive agent in products such as bleach to reduce the risk of children drinking them.
The Jim Henson Company is founded.
Instant noodles go on sale for the first time.
The Japanese 10 yen coin ceases having serrated edges after a 5-year period beginning in 1953. All 10 yen coins since have smooth edges.
The British Rally Championship begins its first year.
The Amirkabir University of Technology is founded in Tehran.
The University of New Orleans established
Illinois observes the centennial of the Lincoln-Douglas Debates.
Sicilian writer Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa's novel Il Gattopardo is published posthumously.
Welsh cultural critic Raymond Williams publishes Culture and Society.
Based on birth rates (per 1,000 population), the post-war baby boom ends in the United States as an 11-year decline in the birth rate begins (the longest on record in that country).
[edit]Births

[edit]January
January 1 – Grandmaster Flash, African-American hip-hop/rap DJ
January 2 – Vladimir Ovchinnikov, Russian pianist
January 4 – Matt Frewer, Canadian/American actor (Max Headroom)
January 4 – James J. Greco, American businessman
January 9 – Mehmet Ali A?ca, Turkish militant, would-be assassin of Pope John Paul II
January 11 – Vicki Peterson, American rock musician
January 13 – Ricardo Acuρa, Chilean tennis player
January 15 – Boris Tadi?, Serbian president
January 20 – Lorenzo Lamas, American actor, martial artist and reality show participant
January 21 – Hussein Saeed Mohammed, Iraqi football player
January 24 – Jools Holland, British musician
January 25 – Dinah Manoff, American Tony-winning actress
January 26 – Ellen DeGeneres, American actress and comedian
January 27 – Kadri Mδlk, Estonian artist and jewelry designer
January 28 - Lagaf', French singer, humorist, animator TV and actor
January 29 - Stephen Lerner, American labor and community activist
[edit]February
February 1 – Ryo Horikawa, Japanese voice actor
February 4 – Tomasz Pacy?ski, Polish writer (d. 2005)
February 8 – Sherri Martel, American professional wrestler (d. 2007)
February 11
Michael Jackson, British broadcasting executive
Regina Maršνkovα, Czechoslovakian tennis player
February 13 – Pernilla August, Swedish actress
February 14
Grant Thomas, Australian rules footballer
Francisco Javier Lopez Pena, Basque separatist
February 16 – Ice-T, African-American rapper, songwriter, and actor
February 19 – Steve Nieve, English musician
February 21
Jake Burns, Irish punk singer
Mary Chapin Carpenter, American singer
February 25 – Kurt Rambis, American basketball player
February 26 – Susan Helms, American astronaut
February 28 – Natalya Estemirova, Russian activist (d. 2009)
[edit]March
March 1 – Nik Kershaw, English singer
March 3 – Miranda Richardson, English actress
March 5 – Andy Gibb, English-born singer (d. 1988)
March 7
Rik Mayall, English comedian and actor
Donna Murphy, American actress and singer
March 8 – Gary Numan, British singer
March 9 – Linda Fiorentino, American actress
March 10
Steve Howe, American baseball player (d. 2006)
Sharon Stone, American actress and producer
March 13 – Linda Robson, English actress
March 14 – Albert II, Prince of Monaco
March 18
Kayo Hatta, American film director (d. 2005)
John Elefante, American singer and producer (Kansas)
March 20 – Holly Hunter, American actress
March 21 – Gary Oldman, English actor and filmmaker
March 25 – James McDaniel, American actor
March 26 – Todd Joseph Miles Holden, American-born social scientist, author, basketball coach
March 27 – Jessica Soho, Philippine television celebrity and reporter
March 28
Bart Conner, American gymnast
Edesio Alejandro, Cuban music composer
Mr. Perfect, American professional wrestler (d. 2003)
[edit]April
April 3
Alec Baldwin, American actor (30 Rock)
Francesca Woodman, American photographer (d. 1981)
April 4 – Cazuza, Brazilian poet, singer and composer (d. 1990)
April 10
Yefim Bronfman, Russian-born pianist
Kenneth "Babyface" Edmonds, African-American musician and record producer
April 11 – Luc Luycx, Belgian coin designer
April 12 – Ginka Zagorcheva, Bulgarian athlete
April 15
Keith Acton, Canadian ice hockey player and coach
Benjamin Zephaniah, British writer and musician
April 21 – Andie MacDowell, American actress
April 24 – Brian Paddick, British former deputy assistant commissioner and most senior openly gay police officer
April 25 – Fish, Scottish singer
April 28 – Hal Sutton, American golfer
April 29 – Michelle Pfeiffer, American actress
[edit]May
May 4 – Keith Haring, American artist
May 10 – Rick Santorum, former U.S. Senator
May 11 – Christian Brando, American actor and eldest child of Marlon Brando (d. 2008)
May 12
Dries Van Noten, Belgian designer
Eric Singer, American rock drummer
May 15 – Ron Simmons, American professional wrestler
May 18 – Toyah Willcox, English actress & singer
May 20 – Ron Reagan, political pundit and son of U.S. president Ronald Reagan
May 21 – Tom Feeney, American Republican politician from the state of Florida
May 23
Mitch Albom, American author
Drew Carey, American comedian and actor
Lea DeLaria, American comedian and actress
May 25
Paul Weller, English singer-songwriter
Carrie Newcomer, American Singer-Songwriter & Musician
May 26 – Margaret Colin, American actress
May 26 – Moinul Ahsan Saber, Bangladeshi writer, editor.
May 27 – Neil Finn, New Zealand singer and songwriter
May 29
Annette Bening, American actress
Juliano Mer-Khamis, Israeli actor, director, filmmaker and political activist (d. 2011)
May 30 – Marie Fredriksson, Swedish singer-songwriter