Yes. In diffusion it's the light that always bleeds outward and produces denser surrounding areas on the sensitive medium, regardless of how the diffusion is achieved.
For negatives in a camera that means highlights (denser areas on the negative) bleeding out into the shadows (less dense areas on the negative).
For positives under an enlarger that means shadows (denser areas on the print) bleeding out into the highlights (less dense areas on the print).
These are two decidedly different visual and emotional effects. Neither is always right or wrong. They're just different.