Don't know about France but it the USA it depends on how it is published too.
My understanding is that for news there is almost no protection for the subject, as long as the reporter/photographer is in a public space or has permission to shoot from the property owner.
For commercial uses, advertising and stock, a release is required before publishing.
Art though is different. So street (public) photography sold by a photographer through a gallery for display in an office or at home doesn't require a release.