Helinophoto... check out Ansel Adams or Fred Picker's darkroom trickery!
When I was in J-school I turned in my first assigment...straight printed B+W negative. I got it back with red china marker ALL over it.
Where it should have been cropped... dodge this burn that... and it began and it was 1985 (for me).
The only manipulation "uproar' at the time was the cover of the "day in the life of America" book where a full moon was moved a couple inches so it would be included in the vertical crop of the cowboy, back then they didn't say "Photoshopped" they called it "CYTEX" long forgotten photo editing platform.