Light piping is caused by light entering the edges of the film base. This is a problem with 35mm file but not other formats. To prevent this a dye is encorporated into the film base. This dye does not wash out as it is part of the plastic base. The amount of light piping is a function of the type of plastic. Estar (Kodak tradename for polyester) based film is more prone to light piping than is acetate based film.