A light scene and a dark scene look different. The dark scene shows some details in the highlights but the shadows and lower tones very quickly slide down to black. What I then see is reminiscent of what film will show if reciprocity failure is not corrected. To correct or not to correct (partially or totally) is an aesthetic decision based on whether a dark scene should be represented by a dark photograph.
If I am faced with a light scene but my optical system (pinhole, small aperture, heavy filter) mandates a long exposure then I will apply a stronger correction and use reduced development and low contrast photographic paper to bridge the brightness/darkness gap.