Stating the obvious, a red party-bulb isn't going to be paper safe. The low wattage darkroom bulbs are OK-ish, but may have different safe distances than whatever you use at the moment, so check as usual. As AgX pointed out, the darkroom bulbs are not quite the same construction as the usual cheap light-bulb, as they are better made to do a specific job.
Different coloured glasses look different because they absorb the wavelengths which are not that colour. Better to say that what you see, in the light transmitted by the glass, is the group of wavelengths which are not absorbed by the dyes etc. in the glass.
Did you ever read of portrait studios, a hundred years ago, painting all their windows blue, to try and somehow increase the amount of blue light for their blue-sensitive materials? It never worked