This subject has been described in the Kodak Publication 'Kodak Professional Black and White Films, Negative Quality p. 2-7. second edition November 1976'. Later editions are available as well. The Kodak approach has a scientific base and is valid for modern high definition optics as well as older optics.
I did a rather extensive search online and couldn't find it... But I did find a copy on Amazon for .27 cents + $3.99 shipping so it's on the way. =)