I had the good fortune to introduce Ryszard Horowitz at an event that I was moderating at the Polish Consulate in New York last night that included an exhibition of his jazz photographs (which are remarkable), and beforehand, I asked him how he got everything in focus in his more surrealistic works, and he said it was even more straightforward than I'd imagined. He said that he started doing this before Polaroid, he was shooting 35mm, and under those conditions, it would have been too difficult to refocus and keep everything in line, so he was just stopping down to get the focus, and balancing the lighting between the foreground and background objects to create the illusion that they were in the same plane. It was all in camera in a single exposure.