Quote Originally Posted by Photo Engineer View Post
Here are the answers.

1. Film used to be both glossy and matte. The matte was often on the back. It helped with retouching, but interfered with scanning. So, the matte was removed to facilitate scans and allow retouching in PS (<- gasp). However, gelatin is naturally rather glossy. The matte has to be added, and should not interfere with grain.

2. T-grains lie flat naturally due to the settling or packing process as the gelatin dries. However, the gelatin must be flexible enough for the film to turn corners in MF cameras so that the gelatin does not crack and the t-grains do not crack. Either one can hurt the film image badly.

Wow, this is really surprising. I wouldn't have thought the individual grains would have enough mass relative to the viscosity of the gelatin to "settle" in a flat orientation. I figured they'd end up randomly oriented without some kind of intervention (not that I would have had the slightest idea how you'd do this other than the application of some type of "field").

Regarding the overcoat sheen, are you saying we have digital to blame for TMax films having a shiny emulsion side??

Ilford Delta (for example) has a matte emulsion side. Acros has a similar emulsion sheen to TMax.