Some glasses are not subject to this, for example the good labware glass we use is immune to this for the most part (pyrex), but window glass is very prone to the problem. I use a glass bottle for my 5% sodium hydroxide solution and the glass is quite milky on this cheaper glass dropper.
As for images remaining behind, I never heard of it, but I guess it is possible if sliver metal gets depositied on the glass somehow. Maybe that is why old-timers use the acid dichromate method, as it removes silver deposits that the alkali will not deal with.
If you need ground glass for your camera though, Dave Parker from Satinsnow will custom make you one for a very reasonable price.