There was an old saying for press photographers back then, "F/8 and BE THERE! Lenses were short focus/wide angle so infinity was pretty close, who needs auto focus. Exposure was pretty basic, one shutter speed pre set since most shots were done at infinity so depth of field was not that big of an issue, who needs auto exposure. FIlm back then had a much greater latitude then today's so there was more leway with exposure. They also had secret developing formulas for fine grain. Framing was intuitive but with the 4x5 sheet film, there was plenty of room for cropping. With such a tremendous lack of high tech as compared to today, they were still able to get those decisive moments, maybe even more so then today's photojournalists.