Add variable human color sensitivity and acuity. Some see no color. Some are blue/yellow colorblind, some are red/green colorblind. For others color makes or breaks a photograph.

You can match some parameters of "how the eye sees", but can't duplicate the eye/brain perception entirely, as Bruce points out.

I think the best photographers are often those who have some intuitive or developed sense of how the photographic materials they use respond.

Others, are like Garry Winogrand; "I photograph to see what the world looks like in photographs."